DuBois, W.E.B., Souls of Black Folk, “Chapter III: Of Booker T. Washington and Others,” and “Chapter VI: Of the Training of Black Men,”, Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co.; University Press John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, U.S.A., 1903.
Washington, Booker T., Up From Slavery: An Autobiography, New York: Doubleday, 1901.
Washington, Booker T., Booker T. Washington Delivers the 1895 Atlanta Compromise Speech
Bhan, Esne and Lemert, Charles (ed.), The Voice of Anna Julia Cooper, New York, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., pp. 1–48.
Clarke, John Henrik, “Washington, DuBois, and Woodson,” Education for a New Reality in the African World
Franklin, John Hope, Racial Equality in America, Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1993.
Terrell, Mary Church, Colored Woman in a White World, National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, Inc., Washington, D.C. pp. 191–196.
Terrell, Mary Church, “Graduates and Former Students of Washington Colored High School,” Voice of the Negro, June 1904, pp. 221–227.
Woodson, Carter G., The Mis-Education of the Negro, Red Sea Press, 1990.
Crouch, Stanley and Benjamin, Playthell G., Reconsidering the Souls of Black Folk, Philadelphia, Running Press Book Publishers, 2002.
Gates, Henry Lewis, The African-American Century: How Black Americans Have Shaped Our Century, New York: Free Press, 2000.
Gibson, Robert A., Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois: The Problem of Negro Leadership, Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
Hine, Darlene Clark (ed), “Chapter III: Interracial Understanding,” Black Women In United States History: Quest for Equality, The Life and Writings of Mary Church Terrell: 1863-1954 (edited by Beverly Washington, Jones), Carlson Publishers, Inc., 1990, pp. 31–53.
Lewis, David Levering, W.E.B. DuBois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963, New York, McMillan Publishers, 2000.
Moore, Jacqueline M., Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois, and the Struggle for Racial Uplift, African American History Series, Wilmington, Delaware, Scholarly Resources, Inc., 2003
Swanston, Dr. Anna, John Henrik Clarke: His Life, His Words, His Works, Atlanta: I AM Unlimited Publishing, 2003.
Wolters, Raymond, Dubois and His Rivals, Columbia: Univ. of Missouri Press, 2002